Myths on brake controllers of trailers are basically the main reason behind not finding appropriate answers to certain questions. For example, when you are facing ford integrated trailer brake controller problems and a simple search brings you to tons of weird information that seems not very useful.
A braking system is not a very uncomplicated thing. And if you are willing to figure out what’s wrong with the brake controller and carry a troubleshooting session afterward, understanding it is definitely necessary.
Today let’s talk about this integrated brake controller of the ford trailer and the common problems it faces along with the supplementary matters that you need for better understanding and troubleshooting.
Common Ford Integrated Trailer Brake Controller Problems
The common issues that you may face with the ITBC or also known as integrated brake controller are seeing the trailer not connected when it certainly is, EOH failure, checked fuses not registering, brakes failing to engage, and brake controller declining to work.
Integrated Trailer Brake Controller Failures
If you have some idea on the brake controller’s you’ll know its main job is to regulate the power towards the electric braking system of a trailer from the vehicle. The power would decide how much braking force the wheel gets to experience.
Before it was all about simple aftermarket controllers for this. However, nowadays there are integrated trailer brake controllers and you should be able to see it in not just almost all pickups but also tow package included SUVs.
These come with the power to detect a trailer and then activate both brakes and lights, which was not the case with old controllers.
The advancement is a blessing no doubt, but also a crisis for the automotive industry, as diagnostic solutions are still not enough. And so, working with these systems has proven to be somewhat frustrating. As even experts are not able to identify what’s wrong to troubleshoot the trailer brake controllers.
With The Old-Style Trailer Brake Controllers
- The unit was bolt-on.
- Used speed and vehicle brake pressure sensor inputs.
- Failed to function if any of the factors were missing.
However, 2005 was when manufacturers decided to go with the intergrade controllers that would make trailer braking seamless. Furthermore, the ITBC, integrated trailer brake control came with built-In diagnostics. And that made things this way:
- If there’s no load detection, power won’t be sent or it would be disabled.
- In the case of wrong load signature detection also the same thing happens.
- Only when the right load is determined by the trailer electric brake circuit power gets to pass.
Common Issues with Integrated Trailer Brake Controller
Some vehicles use the automatic limiting of output gain. This happens when the vehicle is parked. And it takes place even if there’s a user input setting.
It often makes users misjudge the situation, considering it to be faulty. They do so by indicating the ford trailer brake controller voltage. Which means, putting the output to its up range. And then looking at the pin for voltage. Due to the system, it shows a low reading. And that makes it assumed to be a failure, while it’s not actually.
Also, there are vehicles that come with a brake circuit continuously running a discovery pulse. And this is to determine the brake connection status. It’s helpful no doubt. But also, equally hazardous.
Imagine you are driving and the ford brake controller says no trailer because of this detection. The ITBC may decline any power provided to the brakes. In such a situation, the main culprit could be a number of things. These Are:
- An intermittent ground loss.
- The truck itself.
- A pin connection fault.
- Damaged brake magnet.
Keep In mind that the discovery protocol can be different in varying models and makes.
In a few cases, there could be the need to activate a few circuits, which are left/right turn signals, 12V aux, and so on.
For troubleshooting purposes of course. However, you will need the right tools for proper activation. These circuits work with the trailer detection technology by numerous manufacturers today, along with electric brake circuits.
Also, to simulate the system’s trailer connection, you might not be able to use a simple resistor, for instance, an incandescent bulb. There are also chances of causing failure points in your troubleshooting attempts by using a trailer or hanging brake magnet. Oftentimes, these end up giving no value or feedback to your diagnosis tries.
EOH Trailer Brakes Operation Failure Issue
This is a problem that is quite common actually. The ford factory trailer brake controller not being able to function with the EOH trailer brakes. And so, you may need some ideas to troubleshoot it.
There is usually a second operation sitting available for the EOH trailer brake that you need to use basically. For example, this could happen with the 2013 Ford F-150 a lot. Then again, the 2012 and models earlier to that, are not from this category.
This is why even without an adapter; you should be able to use an actuator as well. Do this, consider testing the controller with another trailer that has electric brakes. Obviously, you need to use the electric trailer brake setting here. Just figure out if the functions are all right in that mode.
The results being negative means you have to replace it as it’s basically out of service. Once you know how to test ford integrated trailer brake controller and try it for yourself, the results will help you to decide whether this needs a replacement or not.
Most folks who use Ford or even Dodge factory controllers often go for a replacement. And they chose to go for a less expensive and at the same time much better aftermarket unit. As those give a much better result with the EOH systems.
Now, this is not the case with everyone. Some use the factory controllers with electric brakes without any issues. There should be a harness usage for connecting to the dash port situated right beneath your truck, often a P3. As that does great in terms of both EOH and electric brakes.
Brake Controller Cannot Register Checked Fuses
Controller of trailer brakes not working but lights are, also there’s no registering of checked fuses that seem to be all good. If that’s what you are facing then just know this is a common issue with the Ford F-350 trailer brake controller.
Your first step would be bringing a circuit tester. You want to test both the wiring going and coming from the brake controller unit. In most cases, there should be four wires in total.
Here’s What You Need to Do
- The chassis ground is clean, paint and rust-free, needs to connect to the ground wire to start the process.
- There should be an alligator clip of the circuit tester, which you connect to the ground next.
- The brake controller should be fed with the black 12v wire.
- The spotlight switch would have the red wire coming from it. And it must get power after pressing the brake pedal.
- Lastly, you want to check the brake feed wire which is blue in color.
With power on both the red and 12V wire with pedal pressing, the blue wire should get the power out. Also, the power goes to the brake feed wire with activation of the manual brake lever.
If in these circumstances, the controller is not working, even with all the connections mentioned till now, focus on the blue brake feed wire. It should be close to the brake controller’s rear side, disconnect it carefully. You want to test this wire for output.
However, if the controller is working fine with the pressing of the brake, then the circuit of the brake must be having a real issue. And it basically stays right between the trailer brakes and controller.
It could also be the brake controller itself as well; it can be completely worn out. Since there are no internal service parts of the brake controller, you’ll have to replace it.
“No Trailer Connection” Issue with Brake Controller Not Working
This is a case that is more likely to take place with the models that come with towing package and built-in brake controller. You hooked the trailer, but as soon as you hit the road, the dash shows a message declaring there’s no trailer connection. And that comes with the brake setting popping up as well.
Apparently, your truck would seem all fine, just when you go down the road. Even the lights work. The situation can be exactly or partially similar to your one, we are guessing.
Your first job with such an issue is to check
- If all the plugs are securely tight.
- All the lights if they are working fine.
Now, this could also be possible, both of the checkups showed positive results but the losing connection error still stays. And the worst part is without the trailer connection, you won’t be able to use the brakes.
Replace The Plugs In Junction Box
One thing you can try to solve the issue is buying a new lead wire and plug. Replace all the junction box plugs and this might solve the connection issue if wiring had some underlying damage that you are not able to figure out.
Other causes that could be the case are short in the trailer or an issue with the pickup’s trailer tow module. If that’s the case, you must take it to the dealer or get it repaired by a mechanic.
The weird part about this issue is that you could have absolutely an amazing truck with just the misbehaving brake controller. And if you take it to the mountains, the rides won’t be easy one no doubt. Also, trailer disconnected issues often end up making the standard electric brake option also disabled to work.
And most professionals will suggest you check the wiring on the trailer first and foremost. Now if it seems to have no problem with other pickups, then we doubt wiring was the villain at all.
Get a Software Update to The Controller
Now let’s assume you’ve tried fixing or replacing the main wiring as well as a junction box. But it didn’t do anything. Your next best bet would be getting a software update for the controller. Chances are it would get the issue fixed. Or at least it should solve the error of trailer disconnect that you were getting again and again.
If the electric brake option is still having issues, then you just have to take it to the dealership. Ask them two for new models and let them hook it up for you.
If the brakes are not fixed even with that, the trailer could be the problem bearer. Try checking it with other trucks, to see if it works with those.
Now one hack that you can try here is switching the controller to basically use the electric over hydraulic option. And that would give you a quarter to half amount of braking compared to what it needed, in most cases.
In a situation like this, the dealership is more likely to blame it on the compatibility of the controller with brakes. So, you can try installing an aftermarket one at this point.
It could be frustrating to realize a truck worth a good amount with a tow package coming along, is not compatible with such a basic single brake set. But dealerships often make such statements failing to find the issue with a complicating case like this one.
Does The Pulse Signal Detection of Brake Controller Have Anything to Do with It?
What not most people know is the fact that there’s actually a pulse signal mechanism with a brake controller. And the job of this system is to detect the connection and functioning of brakes basically. Now the tricky part is, that it bases on the load of the vehicle.
The system has a specific load that it believes needs the brakes to be connected or functioning. And if that required load is not here, it just doesn’t connect and function.
Maybe trailer resistance can be out of the box of what the controller is functioning with. And so, it’s not sensing the brake to be attached. That’s a possible assumption.
So, This Means the Solution Must Be a Load Resistor
- Temporarily increase the load.
- See if that would trigger the brake controller system.
- You should try the brakes and check if its functioning or not.
- A load resistor swap out to LED lights might help you test the concept. Check the brakes’ resistance.
- Once you install the resistor it can change around 3 ohms.
- Hook the truck and have the electric brakes set on.
- If it connects to the trailer, try locking with manual override.
And this can be the ultimate solution to the problem you were facing till now. However, if the thing still does not work, you just need it to be fixed by a professional, it’s too complicated to solve on your own.
Special Note: The resistor is bound to get hot after a certain constant use. It’s best to install it free of the trailer that’s why.
The Fords brake controller is a super-sensitive unit that can sometimes not handle little disruptions or even the bare minimum change. And so, you always want to keep the wiring and connections clean.
Also, no matter how brand new the trailer is, such issues with the brake controller might pop up like uninvited guests.
And if that happens, a load resistor can help you solve the issue, if the brake controller is not functioning because of too low load sensing. A lot of people who use two packages go through this same problem, by the way.
Trailer Brakes Not Engaging
The truck does not have any reading from you pressing the brakes. And even with the push of brakes, you cannot engage the brakes. That is the case we are trying to solve in this segment.
First & Foremost Try These
- Find the brake control module and confirm it’s working fine.
- Clean the wire harness contacts as that will allow the current to flow better if that’s the issue.
- You also should try testing trailer brake controller passenger box that powers the thing up. If there’s no power display then this is probably failed.
- And it could also be a covered fuses situation causing so.
Keep in mind that the 7-pin connection of your truck or trailer could be the problem, they not contacting each other well also ends up in a similar condition.
The system definitely demands a better and cleaner connection compared to the old school ones. And this is because there’s electronic wizardry working here.
So, on both ends, you must clean all the connectors thoroughly and see if the problem is solved.
A Helpful Tutorial You May Need!
Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)
How do I know if my brake controller is working?
What does a trailer brake control module do?
How do you reset a trailer brake controller?
How do I know if my trailer brake controller is bad?
And we have successfully completed a guide discussing ford integrated trailer brake controller problems as well. We really hope you get some good and in-depth information on the controller issues that are also pretty common actually.
However, if the provided information seems not to be the one you are looking for, it could be a really specific matter. And in that case, try contacting a professional mechanism. Also letting them handle the problem you are facing with the integrated trailer brake controller might be better actually.
Because that way, you’ll know about the exact problem unite instantly along with the solution that it needs. So not a bad idea at all and you should think about it as a last resort.
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Ah! Driving your King has no twist when you have zero knowledge! Yes, Noah is here with his core experiences about trucks, cars, suvs and atvs. Working as a cheif editor for Automasterx to make you satisfied with solid data driven post.